EVerything you need to know

General

What is the difference between all-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles?

All-electric vehicles are powered solely by electricity. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are powered by both gasoline and electricity. Plug-in hybrids will typically operate exclusively, or almost exclusively, on electricity until the battery is nearly depleted, before switching to the gasoline-powered engine.

For more information on the different EV types, check out EV 101.

How far can I drive in my EV?

Most of today’s all-electric vehicles have a driving “range-per-charge” between 80 to 400 km. Range refers to the number of kilometres an EV will travel before the battery needs to be recharged. The average passenger vehicle in Newfoundland and Labrador travels approximately 50 km each day.

Check out our Commute Calculator to see the potential fuel savings based on your daily commute.

How long will it take me to get an EV?

Stock availability will vary by dealership. Check with your local dealership to find out if your EV model is in stock or if it will need to be ordered.

How will an EV affect my insurance rate?

Insurance rates are based on many factors including the make, model and potential cost to replace technology in the vehicle. Some insurance companies are offering discount incentives for EV insurance to encourage buyers to drive environmentally-friendly vehicles. Like gas-powered vehicles, it is important to compare premiums to find an insurance provider that works for you.

How will my EV handle the winter weather?

The primary effect of cold weather on electric vehicles is a reduction in range. Heating your vehicle impacts your battery range the same way it would affect how much gas you use. Your vehicle should still be able to handle your daily commute, but you may need to charge more often and you should keep this in mind for longer road trips.

Tip: You can warm up your vehicle prior to unplugging your charger to save your battery range.

How long do EV batteries last?

Electric vehicle batteries are typically designed to last for the expected life of the vehicle and have warranties of approximately 8 to 10 years. While a battery replacement after the expiration of your warranty is typically costly, keep in mind that gas-powered vehicle equipment, such as motors and transmissions, have a lifespan and can be costly to replace too. You should review manufacturer warranty information carefully when selecting your EV.

Charging

Where can I charge my EV?

Over 95% of charging happens at home or at work. A full charge can last a few days for the average driver with an all-electric vehicle. For more information about charging, go to Charging & Maintenance.

There are also a number of public charging stations throughout the province. For more information on where to find them, visit Charger Station Finder.

How do I charge my EV at home?

Level 1: You can recharge your EV by plugging it into a regular 120 volt wall outlet. Level 1 chargers typically deliver up to 8 km of range per hour of charging. This is the slowest method of charging.  So if your car is regularly parked in your driveway or garage overnight and you don’t have a long daily commute, this may be a good option for you.

Level 2: For those who want a faster charge, you can install a 240 volt Level 2 charging station at home. These Level 2 chargers deliver up to 30 km of range per hour of charging. Level 2 is also the most common type of public charger, often found at community centers or in public parking lots.

For more information, visit Charging & Maintenance.

How long does it take to charge an EV?

Charging time varies according to several factors including the make and model of your EV, how much charge it has when you plug it in, and the kind of charging station you are using.

Level 1: EVs plugged into regular home wall outlet can charge at a rate of up to 8 km of range per hour. A full charge for an all-electric vehicle with a 65 kWh battery will take approximately 50 hours with a Level 1 charger. A full charge for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle with a 13 kWh battery will take approximately 9 hours.

Level 2: EVs plugged into a Level 2 charger, commonly installed at homes, work and public places, can charge at a rate of up to 30 km per hour. A full charge for an all-electric vehicle with a 65 kWh battery will take approximately 9 hours with a Level 2 charger. A full charge for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle with a 13 kWh battery will take approximately 2 hours.

Level 3: EVs plugged into a Level 3 or “fast charging” station can charge at a rate of up to 140 km per hour. A full charge for an all-electric vehicle with a 65kWh battery will take approximately one hour. Not all plug-in hybrid electric vehicles can charge at Level 3 stations.

Does my EV come with a charger?

Most EVs come standard with a charger that can be plugged into a regular wall outlet. All EVs can be charged with a Level 2 charger, but in most cases, you will have to purchase the charger separately. For more information on chargers and choosing the right one for you, visit Charging & Maintenance.

Can all charging stations charge all types of EVs?

All EVs can charge at Level 2 stations. Some plug-in hybrids do not have the ability to use Level 3 charging stations. Check the owner’s manual or ask your automotive dealer before using a Level 3 charger if you own a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

The Tesla Model 3 EV cannot use public Level 3 charging stations without a CHAdeMO Adapter accessory, which is available online from the Tesla website. Other Tesla Models (X and S) do not require these adapters to use Level 3 charging stations.

What does it cost to charge my EV?

The cost of charging your EV’s battery depends on several factors, the most important of which are the make and model of your EV, how much charge it has when you plug it in, the kind of charging station you are using, and the cost of electricity in your jurisdiction. In fact, some public Level 2 charging stations are free to use.

Fuel costs are approximately 70% lower for an all-electric and 50% lower for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle compared to a conventional vehicle.

Compare fuel costs for your current conventional vehicle with an EV using our Fuel Savings Calculator.

How much do home charging stations cost?

You can recharge your EV by plugging it into a regular 120 volt wall outlet, which is referred to as Level 1 charging.

A typical Level 2 station will cost between $500 and $1,500. Installation of the charger will cost an additional $500 to $1,500. Installation costs will increase if you have to upgrade your electrical service or panel. You should contact a licensed electrician prior to purchasing a charging station to find out if you need to do any preliminary work to accommodate the station.

If you live in an apartment or condo, you should consult your landlord or condo board before purchasing a charging station.

Level 3 charging stations are not practical for home installations.

Who installs home charging stations?

Level 2 charging stations should be installed by a licensed electrician. A list of electricians can be found at Service NL.

For more information, visit Charger Features & Installation.

Maintenance

Can I take my EV to the same mechanic who fixes my gas-powered vehicle?

All-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles have different types of required maintenance, but you’ll see some reduced maintenance requirements for both EV types compared to a conventional vehicle.

For all the wear and tear components like suspension, windshield wipers, and tires, EVs are no different than a conventional vehicle and your mechanic could service your EV.

For other maintenance and repairs, finding a qualified mechanic is important. Many service technicians may be unfamiliar with the care that EVs require. If you have a newer EV, get it serviced at the dealership if possible. If you own a pre-owned EV, locate a mechanic who specializes in dealing with EVs.

Other

What happens when there’s a power outage?

Much like gas station pumps during power outages, EV chargers won’t work until power is restored. When the forecast calls for weather that may create outages, it’s a good idea to charge up your EV in advance.